Bokashi composting is a method of composting that originated in Japan. It is an anaerobic process that uses a mixture of microorganisms to break down organic matter. Bokashi composting is becoming increasingly popular among people who want to reduce their environmental impact and produce nutrient-rich soil for their gardens. In this article, we will discuss what bokashi composting is, why one would want to do it, and how to get started.
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What is Bokashi Composting?
Bokashi composting is a composting method that involves fermenting organic waste using a special mix of microorganisms called Effective Microorganisms (EM). These microorganisms include lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, and phototrophic bacteria, which work together to break down the organic matter. Unlike traditional composting, which is an aerobic process that requires oxygen, bokashi composting is an anaerobic process that occurs in a closed container.
Why Choose Bokashi Composting?
There are several reasons why one might choose bokashi composting over other composting methods. One of the biggest advantages of bokashi composting is that it allows you to compost a wider variety of materials than other methods. You can compost not only fruit and vegetable scraps but also dairy products, meat, and bones. This is because the anaerobic conditions created by the EM mix prevent the growth of pathogens that would typically thrive in traditional composting methods.
Another benefit of bokashi composting is that it produces compost faster than traditional composting methods. While traditional composting can take months to produce usable compost, bokashi composting can produce usable compost in as little as two weeks. This makes it an ideal method for those who want to reduce their waste quickly and start using the compost in their gardens right away.
Finally, bokashi composting is a great option for those who live in apartments or small homes without access to outdoor space. Because it is an anaerobic process that occurs in a closed container, it does not produce any odors or attract pests, making it an ideal method for indoor composting.
Getting Started with Bokashi Composting
Getting started with bokashi composting is relatively easy. Here are the basic steps:
- Purchase a bokashi composting kit. These kits typically include a bucket or bin with an airtight lid, bokashi bran, and a spigot for draining the liquid produced during the fermentation process.
- Start collecting your organic waste. You can compost a wide variety of materials, including fruit and vegetable scraps, meat, dairy products, and bones.
- Layer your organic waste in the bokashi bucket or bin, sprinkling each layer with bokashi bran. The bokashi bran contains the microorganisms that will break down the organic matter.
- Press down on the organic matter to remove any air pockets and seal the container tightly. Make sure to drain any liquid produced during the fermentation process through the spigot.
- Allow the organic matter to ferment for 2-4 weeks, depending on the temperature and humidity in your home. You will know the fermentation process is complete when the organic matter has a sour, pickled smell and is dark in color.
- Once the fermentation process is complete, bury the fermented organic matter in your garden or mix it with soil to create nutrient-rich compost.
Bokashi composting is a great way to reduce your environmental impact and produce nutrient-rich soil for your garden. Unlike traditional composting methods, bokashi composting allows you to compost a wider variety of materials, produces compost faster, and is ideal for indoor composting. Getting started with bokashi composting is relatively easy, and with a little practice, you can become a pro at this composting method.